© Image by Ronile from Pixabay

UNITED STATES OF ROSÉ

The United States of America hold global second place for rosé consumption, just after France. Though their consumption levels are similar, recent years have shown that America’s production has been on a major uptick- winemakers are experimenting with new techniques for winemaking.

In America, the bureaucracy of wine isn’t quite as rigid as in Europe. The wine labels report the AVA (American Viticultural Area), which corresponds to a specific zone of grapevine cultivation. Next to this designation, it says the name of the grapes that are used: this assures us that there’s a minimum percentage used (a value that changes state to state) of this variety that comes from this specific AVA.  

Is American wine only produced in California, or are other states making it too?  

NEW YORK STATES

In New York, the areas most focused on wine production are the Finger Lakes and Long Island. In these areas, the rosés are very fruity and distinct for their marked acidity.  

In the Finger Lakes region, the presence of several, uh, lakes, mitigates the effects of the cold. The wines produced there are often very aromatic, and the most-utilized vine for rosé is Cabernet Franc. This rosé, popular in this region, ends up very fresh and mineral-forward. Every year, they have an event called “Discover Dry Rosé”, dedicated, of course, to rosé.   

Long Island, on the other hand, is an excellent place to have a glass of rosé- even if it’s a bit harder to produce. Why? The temperatures are very low and and the wines produced there end up having a much higher acidity. Though, aside from their red wines, they’re starting to experiment with techniques that produce fresher, more mineral flavor. That’s due to the influence of the Atlantic Ocean. They want their wines to pair well with seafood, especially lobster.  

Take Note

The state of New York is the third state to produce wine. However, the wines don’t get very famous, because they’re often produced more for family-consumption. 

We can’t forget the first interactive museum dedicated to rosé was born in New York, Rosé Wine Mansion, where it is possible to taste rosés from all over the world but not only.

Rosé Wine Mansion

Rosé Wine Mansion

WASHINGTON 

After California, Washington is the US state that produces the most wine. The red grape varieties that they cultivate here are Merlot, Cabernet Franc and Cabernet Sauvignon. For white wine, there’s a good bit of Riesling.  The rosés here are aromatic and full-bodied. They’re best enjoyed in hot and dry states where a cool, refreshing glass will do you well.  
The area in Washington where they produce wine is Columbia Valley: Here, the winters are cold and the summers are hot and torrid. 

Fun Fact

Columbia Valley is bigger than the entire nation of Denmark.  

Across from Columbia Valley’s river, they produce some varieties of wine that have French and Italian origin. 
In the Eastern part of the region, the grapes tend to make wines that are more full-bodied and robust, while in the Western region, near the Pacific, the wines are more delicate.  

Within Columbia Valley we can find a couple important sub-regions: Yakima Valley, where they cultivate more than 1/3 of all the grapes in the state (predominantly Riesling and Merlot), and  Walla Walla Valley. The name Walla Walla, translated from the local Sahaptin dialect, means  “many waters”. The terrain is rocky, and the river runs from the Blue Mountains, creating a climate that’s well-suited to the cultivation of grapes and the production of wine. The most common grape varieties used here are Syrah and Grenache. When turned into red wine, they produce robust and full-bodied flavors, but in their rosé iterations they maintain freshness and delicate notes, which makes them a very pleasant drink.  

Blue Montains

Blue Montains Walla Walla © Image by wwboy from Pixabay

 

OREGON  

We’re on the West Coast of the United States and the enological landscape is dominated by a huge variety of grape. Among the most famous are definitely Pinot Noir and Pinot Gris, but they’re only a couple of many.  Every evening here is a great opportunity to pair a glass of rosé with some fresh, local fish.   

Willamette Valley is one of the winemaking regions in Oregon: the storms in spring and the excessive cold in fall represent an issue that arises for the grapes’ maturing process. The Pinot Noir grape doesn’t always reach a suitable ripeness, which means that the rosé often needs to be produced with saignee. The saignee process often further concentrates the grape must, which makes the resulting wines fuller-bodied. 
Still, the rosé trend is growing and in high-demand. Many investors, most from California and France, are buying land and transforming their small, family-run businesses into more sophisticated wineries. The number of grapevines planted overall has grown as well. 
Pinot Noir rosé, Pinot Gris rosé, and sparking rosé are all growing in popularity as well. 

Rogue Valley is a denomination at the border of California. The climate is hot and dry, adapted well to varieties of red grapes like Zinfandel, which creates very dark reds. And, where there are great red wines, there are great rosés. They’ll pair well with the typical asparagus and varying local vegetables in spring. 
  

The history of wine in the United States started pretty late, even in comparison to South American countries. Though there were some obstacles (like prohibition, of course), they’re now producing exceptional wines in the areas we’ve just discussed.  

 

Do you have a favorite American wine?
 

0 replies

Leave a Reply

Want to join the discussion?
Feel free to contribute!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *