SPARKLING ROSÉ: HOW IS IT MADE?

The sparkling wine is the well-known with bubbles.

How is sparkling rosé made? How are bubbles formed?

The bubbles are due to the carbon dioxide obtained after a second fermentation of the wine.

There are several ways to make a sparkling wine:

  • Classic Method if the wine is re-fermented in the bottle;
  • Charmat Method, if the wine is re-fermented in autoclaves.

In any case we start from a normal wine. This wine follows the usual process: the grapes are harvested, pressed, inoculation of the yeasts and the fermentation starts. The sugars are transformed into alcohol and a new wine is born. ?

Now this wine can be blended with other  wines before proceeding to the second fermentation.

CLASSICAL METHOD

The wines are bottled together with sugar, mineral substances and other yeasts that starts the second fermentation that takes place in the bottle: the bubbles of carbon dioxide start to appear.
The bottles can spend several months in a horizontal position, the time needed to turn the sugar into carbon dioxide and alcohol. Then the sparkling wine remains in contact with the yeasts, always in the bottle, for years: the yeasts in fact have an important impact on the aroma and the final result.
After the refinement on the yeasts, the bottles are placed on the pupitre where every day they are rotated by about 45 degrees, this to ensure that the yeasts accumulate near the cork.

Spumante Rosé

The bottles spend years in this position on the pupitre where they are rotated 45 degrees every day to allow the yeasts and residues to settle near the cap.    Credit: @lomig

Then disgorgement takes place: the bottle is opened (manually or using a machine), the pressure inside the wine will throw out the yeasts accumulated near the cork. The wine is topped up with more wine and sugar: each winery has its own secret recipe. This operation is called dosage.
Once capped, the sparkling wine is ready to be tasted!
The most famous sparkling wines obtained with this method are Champagne, Franciacorta and Cava.

SUMMARY

  1. Wines-Base are put  in bottle
  2. Addition of yeast and mineral substances in the bottle
  3. Capping with crown cap
  4. Second fermentation in the bottle
  5. Refinement
  6. 45 degree bottle rotation (Remuage)
  7. Disgorgement
  8. Dosage
  9. Final capping

“Rosé is the most elegant expression of the Classic Method”

If you love rosé sparkling wine of a winery, for sure you will love the white versio too. Making rosé wine is more difficult than making other wines.

CHARMAT METHOD

We always start with a base wine: this time the second fermentation takes place in large steel autoclaves, in which the pressure is controlled.
This process is quicker to get the bubbles. At the end of the second fermentation the wine is decanted, filtered and bottled.
The most famous Italian sparkling wine (and probably in the world) obtained with this method is Prosecco, also available in its rosé variant.

SUMMARY

  1. Wine-Base Assembly in Autoclave
  2. Addition of yeast and mineral substances
  3. Second Fermentation in Autoclaveù
  4. Transfer
  5. Filtered
  6. Bottled
  7. Final capping

How is sparkling rosé made?

Well….mixing white wine and red wine. Before the second fermentation, the red wines and white wines are blended together. 

Sparkling rosé can be obtained in another way: using only black grapes. The grapes (usually Pinot Noir) are pressed and the must follows the process to become the base wine. Then the base wine is refermented in the bottle or in a tank: in fact, the sparkling rosé can be produced both through the classic method and through the charmat method.

CURIOSITY

Did you know that from 2004 to 2015 the export of rosé Champagne to the United States of America increased at the expense of the white one?

What to expect from a sparkling rosé?

The sparkling rosé will have fruity and floral scents, typical of rosé wine, more evident in those obtained by Charmat Method.
It will have hints of yeast and bread crust if obtained through the Classic Method; the hints of fruit and flowers will be less evident;
Obviously, each sparkling wine is characterized by the grape, the winemaking method, the choices made by the winemakerEach variable has an impact on the final product.

Which sparkling rosés have you tasted?

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