DDESTEM, process in which the grape is destemmed, so it is detached from the peduncles and stems on which it grows. When the grapes arrive in the cellar, it is usually the first process. A machine carries out this removal.
DOC, Denominazione di Origine Controllata. It is an identification of the wine (or food products). The Italian label DOC has always followed by the name of a geographical zone. Example is “DOC MONTEPULCIANO D’ABRUZZO”. It means there is a link between Montepulciano (grape) and Abruzzo (specific zone). This link is guaranteed by production disciplinary that describes all the rules to make that wine and from which part the grapes must originated.
DOCG, Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita. The origin of a wine is indicated by the DOCG. The DOCG disciplinary is more restrictive than the DOC specification. It means that the production rules are more restrictive, in terms of grape yield for example or in terms of grape origin. The DOCG area is smaller than the DOC area.
DIRECT PRESSING. It is one of the way to make rosé. Once we have the grape, this is destemmed and crushed to obtain the must. Once we have the rosé colour we want, this must will be pressed and the juice we obtain will follow his vinification process.